Gentamicin belongs to the group of aminoglycoside antibiotics. It covers a broad spectrum of gram-positive and gram-negative pathogens, including Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Staphylococci, Haemophilus influenzae H. aegypticus, Klebsiella, Enterobacteria, Proteus, Escherichia coli, Shigella and Salmonella. It inhibits specifically bacterial protein synthesis.
Fluorometholone is a synthetic fluorinated corticosteroid possessing anti-inflammatory properties.
The combination brings concomitantly the bacterial treatment or prophylaxis and the anti-inflammatory effect. In addition, the presence of gentamicin protects from a risk of potential aggravation of a bacterial infection due to the steroid.