Escitalopram is a selective inhibitor of serotonin (5-HT) re-uptake. The inhibition of 5-HT re-uptake is the only likely mechanism of action explaining the pharmacological and clinical effects of escitalopram. Escitalopram has no or low affinity for a number of receptors including 5-HT1A, 5-HT2, DA D1 and D2 receptors, α1-, α2-, β-adrenoceptors, histamine H1, muscarine cholinergic, benzodiazepine and opioid receptors.
Citalam 10 tablet
Adults: The initial dose of Escitalopram Oxalate is 10 mg once daily. (A fixed dose trial of Escitalopram Oxalate demonstrated the effectiveness of both 10 mg and 20 mg of Escitalopram Oxalate, but failed to demonstrate a greater benefit of 20 mg over 10 mg.)
If the dose is increased to 20 mg, this should occur after a minimum of one week.
Panic disorder: Adult over 18 years, initially 5 mg once daily increased to 10 mg daily after 7 days; max. 20 mg daily; elderly initially half adult dose, lower maintenance dose may be sufficient;
Social anxiety disorder: Adult over 18 years, initially 10 mg once daily adjusted after 2-4 weeks; usual dose 5-20 mg daily.
Elderly: A single oral dose of 10 mg/day is the recommended dose for most elderly patients. Administered in excess recommended dose has not been yet established.