Sodium chloride is the major extracellular cation. It is important in electrolyte and fluid balance, osmotic pressure control and water distribution as it restores sodium ions. It is used as a source of electrolytes and water for hydration, treatment of metabolic acidosis, priming solution in haemodialysis and treatment of hyperosmolar diabetes. It is also used as diluents for infusion of compatible drug additives.
Solo Nasal Drop
Adult: As 0.9% solution: Dosage depends on age, wt, clinical condition and laboratory determinations of the patient. Dose to be administered via a large vein, with care taken to prevent infiltration.
Replacement of fluid and electrolytes:
Adult: As 0.9%, 3% or 5% solution: Dosage depends on age, wt, clinical condition and laboratory determinations of the patient. Dose to be administered via a large vein, with care taken to prevent infiltration.
Irrigation of the bladder, eye, general skin and wound cleansing:
Adult: 0.9% solution is to be used as required. Instill 1 or 2 drops of 5% solution in the affected eye(s) every 3 or 4 hours, or as directed by a physician. 5% Sodium chloride ophthalmic solution is a hypertonic preparation. It is used to reduce the edema or swelling of the cornea. This solution exerts its effect through using the tonicity difference.
Adult: 0.9% used as nasal drops or spray.
Child: 0.9% used as nasal drops.