Pyrodoxine (Vitamin B6) is a water-soluble vitamin which functions in the metabolism of carbohydrates, proteins and fats. It is essential in Hb formation and GABA synthesis within the CNS. It also aids in the release of glycogen stored in the liver and muscles.
Folic acid (Vitamin B9) is essential for the production of certain coenzymes in many metabolic systems such as purine and pyrimidine synthesis. It is also essential in the synthesis and maintenance of nucleoprotein in erythropoesis. It also promotes WBC and platelet production in folate-deficiency anaemia.
Cyanocobalamin (Vitamin B12) is vital to growth, hematopoiesis and nucleoprotein and myelin synthesis. As a hematopoietic agent, it is converted to coenzyme B12 needed in the conversion of methylmalonate to succinate and production of methionine from homocysteine, a reaction requiring folate. In the absence of folate, such metabolites cannot be formed and folate deficiency occurs. It is also involved in the maintenance of reduced sulfhydryl (SH) groups which are required by various SH-activated enzyme systems. Through such processes, cyanocobalamin participates in fat and carbohydrate metabolism as well as protein synthesis.